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The Manitoba Great Lakes (MBGL) program is led by researchers at the Centre for Earth Observation Science (CEOS) at the University of Manitoba, and is a multi-disciplinary collaboration dedicated to conducting research and providing data for science-based decision making in the Hudson Bay Watershed.

The upper Manitoba Great Lakes (Lake Manitoba, Winnipegosis and Waterhen) include the 27th (Winnipegosis) and 32nd (Manitoba) largest lakes in the world. They are important drinking water sources for the people who live near their shores, and important recreational and fisheries resources for the region and the Province as a whole. Moreover, they help to protect Lake Winnipeg by filtering nutrients and contaminants in runoff from its western watershed. In particular, the operation of the Portage Diversion during flood events has effectively shifted significant fractions of the Assiniboine River nutrient and contaminant load from the south basin of Lake Winnipeg to the south basin of Lake Manitoba, with undocumented impacts on the latter.

Currently, the physical, chemical, biological and geological processes in the lakes are not well understood. Therefore, we have a poor ability to predict responses to change in factors such as climate, fishing pressure, and nutrient or contaminant loading from the watershed, or to understand impacts carried downstream to Lake Winnipeg, into Hudson Bay and the arctic. For example, climate change impacts include direct lake warming, which intensifies in-lake chemical and biological processes, and increasingly intense precipitation events. It is likely that this has led to increased runoff and more frequent flooding, and hence, increasing nutrient and contaminant transport from the watershed to the lakes, but we have no data to support this speculation. In Lake Manitoba, commercial catch of the most valuable species, pickerel, has declined by more than half since the 1980s. This may be due to pike in-migration through the Portage Diversion, or to high fishing pressure; we have too little information to know the cause. Most recently, in the summer of 2021, zebra mussel larvae were discovered in Lake Manitoba; again, without better information, the impact of this invasive species is a matter of conjecture. Overall, lake management and governance are being decided without adequate scientific support.

The MBGL program deploys moorings to measure physical and biological parameters in the lakes. Through various initiatives, including graduate programs, we also collect nutrient, biological and physical data from the MBGL lakes as well as the surrounding watersheds. Other projects include studying nutrient forcing of algal biomass and associated algal toxins. We look at water quality indicators such as chlorophyll, suspended solids and dissolved organic carbon and can use them to create visualizations such as maps of chlorophyll concentration in surface water. These methods combined with satellite data can be used for early detection of algal blooms and identify potential sites where algal toxins may occur.

Through our multi-disciplinary research the MBGL program will provide biological and physical data to support science-based decision making in the Hudson Bay Watershed, at local, regional and hemispherical scales

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Metadata

Field Value
Title The Manitoba Great Lakes Program
Research Program Name Manitoba Great Lakes Program
Keywords Carbon fluxes, Climate change, Freshwaters, Lake Manitoba, Lake Waterhen, Lake Winnipeg Basin, Lake Winnipegosis, Manitoba, Nelson River watershed, Remote sensing data
Keyword Vocabulary Polar Data Catalogue
Keyword Vocabulary URL https://www.polardata.ca/pdcinput/public/keywordlibrary
Website https://umanitoba.ca/earth-observation-science/research/manitoba-great-lakes-program
Theme Freshwater
Status In Progress
Project DOI 10.5203/2nq5-pc53
Metadata Creation Date 2022
Publisher CanWIN
Preferred citation
Related facility
Field Value
Project extent
Project Area Lake Winnipeg Basin, Manitoba Great Lakes
Spatial regions Manitoba Great Lakes
Spatial extent West Bound Longitude 127.45739221572876
Spatial extent East Bound Longitude -27.066243609948597
Spatial extent South Bound Latitude -19.980860824921276
Spatial extent North Bound Latitude 140.81676721572876
Temporal extent
Project Start Date 2012-04-01
Project End Date
Field Value
Project Contributors
Principal Investigators
Principal Investigators 1
Principal Investigator Name
Barber, David
Type of Name
Personal
Principal Investigator Email
david.barber@umanitoba.ca
Principal Investigator Affiliation
Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
Principal Investigator ORCID ID
0000-0001-9466-3291
Co-Investigators
Co-Investigators 1
Co-Investigator Name
Papakyriakou, Tim
Co-Investigator Role
Project Member
Co-Investigator Email
Tim.Papakyriakou@umanitoba.ca
Co-Investigator Affiliation
Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
Co-Investigator ORCID ID
Co-Investigators 2
Co-Investigator Name
Herbert, Claire
Co-Investigator Role
Project Manager
Co-Investigator Email
Claire.Herbert@umanitoba.ca
Co-Investigator Affiliation
Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
Co-Investigator ORCID ID
0000-0003-2724-4200
Co-Investigators 3
Co-Investigator Name
McCullough, Greg
Co-Investigator Role
Project Leader
Co-Investigator Email
Greg.McCullough@umanitoba.ca
Co-Investigator Affiliation
Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
Co-Investigator ORCID ID
Project Data Curator Herbert, Claire
Project Data Curator email portalco@umanitoba.ca
Project Data Curator Affiliation Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
Funder Information
Awards
Field Value
License Name Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Licence Schema Name SPDX
Licence URL https://spdx.org/licenses
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