Dataset extent

Base map and data from OpenStreetMap and OpenStreetMap Foundation

This dataset comprises a series of CSV files, each of which catalogues a suite of information for an individual cyclone track for the Northern Hemisphere. Detection and tracking are conducted using version 12.2 of the cyclone detection and tracking algorithm developed by Crawford & Serreze (2016) applied to ERA-5 sea-level pressure data at a 3-hr temporal resolution and 50 km spatial resolution for the period 1979 – present (updated annually). Each CSV file contains information regarding the location, propagation, intensity, and size of the storm for each observation time. Whether a storm is a multi-center cyclone or interacting (splitting or merging) with other storm systems is also noted. To provide the most complete dataset possible, no subsetting of storms is applied, but for most studies, limiting tracks to only those exceeding some minimum longevity measure (e.g., lifespan ≥ 24 h or track length ≥ 1000 km) is recommended.

Associated Software

Cyclone tracking software can be found here.

Data and Resources

Data

Scripts

Documents

Keywords

Metadata

Field Value
Dataset Name Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Cyclone Tracks
Dataset General Type cyclone tracks
Dataset Type Dataset
Program Website
Keywords Cyclone, Modeling
Keyword Vocabulary
Keyword Vocabulary URL
Theme Atmosphere
Cryosphere
Dataset Status Complete
Maintenance and Update Frequency As needed
Dataset Last Revision Date 2020-10-13
Dataset DOI
Metadata Creation Date 2022
Publisher CanWIN
Preferred citation
Field Value
Dataset Collection Start Date 1979-01-01
Dataset Collection End Date 2020-10-13
Spatial regions Northern Hemisphere
Spatial extent West Bound Longitude -180.0
Spatial extent East Bound Longitude 180.0
Spatial extent South Bound Latitude 0.0
Spatial extent North Bound Latitude 90.0
Field Value
Sample Collection
Method Link https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/dataset/reanalysis-era5-single-levels?tab=overview
Method Summary

ERA-5 is the 5th generation global reanalysis product from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting. Mean sea-level pressure is available through the Copernicus portal at a resolution of 1 hour and 0.25° latitude/longitude. This sea-level pressure dataset is used as the input fields for the cyclone detection and tracking algorithm.

Preferred citation Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). (2017). ERA5: Fifth generation of ECMWF atmospheric reanalyses of the global climate. Copernicus Climate Change Service Climate Data Store (CDS). https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/home
Activity Collection Type
Analytical Instrument
Analytical Instrument 1
Analytical Instrument Name
Standardized Analytical Instrument Name
Analytical Instrument Identifier Id
Analytical Instrument Title Type
Alternative Title
Analytical Instrument Identifier Type
Analytical Method Name CEOS/NSIDC Extratropical Cyclone Tracking Algorithm
Method Link https://journals.ametsoc.org/jcli/article/29/13/4977/35130/Does-the-Summer-Arctic-Frontal-Zone-Influence
Method Summary This algorithm has two steps: 1) detection of cyclone centers and areas and 2) tracking of those features. Center detection is based on local minima in sea-level pressure (within a 200 km radius) that have a pressure gradient of at least 7.5 hPa/1000 km. The area of storms and presence of single- and multi-center cyclones are determined using last-closed isobars. Tracking is based on the nearest neighbor to a predicted cyclone propagation location. Cyclone size, intensity, propagation, and interactions (e.g., splitting and merging with other storms) are tabulated at each observation time.
Laboratory National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science, University of Colorado Boulder
Comments
Variables Measured
Field Value
License Name Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Licence Type Open
Embargo Date
Licence URL https://spdx.org/licenses
Terms of Access

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Terms of Use

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Field Value
Dataset Authors
Dataset Authors 1
Name
Crawford, Alex D
Type of Name
Personal
Email
alex.crawford@umanitoba.ca
Affiliation
Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
ORCID ID
0000-0003-1561-290X
Contributors
Contributors 1
Name
Barber, David
Role
Supervisor
Email
Barber.David@umaniotba.ca
Affiliation
Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
ORCID ID
0000-0001-9466-3291
Contributors 2
Name
Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe
Role
Supervisor
Email
Affiliation
Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
ORCID ID
0000-0002-1474-1948
Contributors 3
Name
Stroeve, Julienne C
Role
Supervisor
Email
Affiliation
Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
ORCID ID
0000-0001-7316-8320
Contributors 4
Name
Serreze, Mark C
Role
Project Member
Email
Affiliation
National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder
ORCID ID
0000-0002-3699-302X
Contributors 5
Name
Sommer, Nathan
Role
Project Member
Email
nsommer@wooster.edu
Affiliation
College of Wooster
ORCID ID
ORCID
Project Data Curator Alex D Crawford
Project Data Curator email alex.crawford@umanitoba.ca
Project Data Curator Affiliation Centre for Earth Observation Science - University of Manitoba
Awards
Funder Name
Funder Identifier Code
Funder Identifier Type
Funder Identifier Scheme
Grant Number
Field Value
Related Resources
Related Resources 1
Related Resource Name
Mean Pressure at Sea-level from ERA-5
Resource Code
Identifier Type
URL
Relationship To This Dataset
IsRequiredBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Type
Model
Series Name
Related Resources 2
Related Resource Name
ETOPO1 Ice Surface
Resource Code
Identifier Type
Relationship To This Dataset
IsReferencedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Type
Series Name
Related Resources 3
Related Resource Name
CEOS/NSIDC Cyclone Detection and Tracking Algorithm
Resource Code
10.5281/zenodo.5553339
Identifier Type
DOI
Relationship To This Dataset
IsRequiredBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Type
Software
Series Name
Field Value
Publications
Publications 1
Publication Name
Does the summer Arctic Frontal Zone influence Arctic Ocean cyclone activity?
Identifier Code
doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0755.s1
Identifier Type
DOI
Relationship to this dataset
IsSupplementedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Publication Type
JournalArticle
Publications 2
Publication Name
Projected Changes in the Arctic Frontal Zone and Summer Arctic Cyclone Activity in the CESM Large Ensemble
Identifier Code
doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0296.1
Identifier Type
DOI
Relationship to this dataset
IsSupplementedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Publication Type
JournalArticle
Publications 3
Publication Name
Synoptic Climatology of Rain-on-Snow Events in Alaska
Identifier Code
doi:10.1175/MWR-D-19-0311.s1
Identifier Type
DOI
Relationship to this dataset
IsSupplementedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Publication Type
JournalArticle
Publications 4
Publication Name
Estimating Southern Ocean Storm Positions With Seismic Observations
Identifier Code
doi:10.1029/2019JC015898
Identifier Type
DOI
Relationship to this dataset
IsSupplementedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Publication Type
JournalArticle
Publications 5
Publication Name
Sea ice loss and Arctic cyclone activity from 1979 to 2014
Identifier Code
doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0542.1
Identifier Type
DOI
Relationship to this dataset
IsSupplementedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Publication Type
JournalArticle
Publications 6
Publication Name
Impacts of synoptic-scale cyclones on Arctic sea-ice concentration: a systematic analysis
Identifier Code
doi:10.1017/aog.2020.23
Identifier Type
DOI
Relationship to this dataset
IsSupplementedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Publication Type
JournalArticle
Publications 7
Publication Name
Sensitivity of Northern Hemisphere Cyclone Detection and Tracking Results to Fine Spatial and Temporal Resolution Using ERA5
Identifier Code
https://journals.ametsoc.org/view/journals/mwre/149/8/MWR-D-20-0417.1.xml
Identifier Type
URL
Relationship to this dataset
IsCitedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Publication Type
JournalArticle
Publications 8
Publication Name
The Influence of the Arctic Frontal Zone on Summer Cyclone Activity Today and in the Future (Doctoral Dissertation)
Identifier Code
https://scholar.colorado.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6395w720f
Identifier Type
URL
Relationship to this dataset
IsContinuedBy
Resource Type
Online Resource
Publication Type
Dissertation